CBD 101 - High Falls Hemp

CBD 101

How to Use CBD

Everyone is different in their response to CBD. Figure out a starting point, then increase your dosage and frequency until you find what works for you. Some people respond quicker than others, and the effect is usually gradual. Don’t give up!

Based on our experience, there are several things to consider when determining your starting dose.

  1. Your body weight
  2. The level of the desired effect
  3. The concentration of CBD in each dropper


80-120 lbs
120-190 lbs
Over 190 lbs



80-120 lbs
120-190 lbs
Over 190 lbs


Suggested Use

Everyone, including our beloved pet friends, responds differently to CBD. The “average” recommendation on our labeling is: one dropper for tinctures by mouth up to 3x per day. We suggest beginning with a lower dosage (for example 1/2 dropper daily), then increase as needed to determine your optimal dosage. For pets, see feeding recommendation on the bottle.

Download our guide here.

Amount of hemp extract in each dropper, taken under the tongue (sublingually):

AMOUNT 300MG 750MG 1500MG 3000MG
1 Drop – 1/40 ml 0.25 mg 0.625 mg 1.25 mg 2.5 mg
1/2 Dropper – 0.5 ml 5 mg 12.5 mg 25 mg 50 mg
1 Dropper – 1 ml 10 mg 25 mg 50 mg 100 mg

What is CBD

CBD is short for cannabidiol, a naturally occurring substance found in the hemp and marijuana plants. It is most prevalent in the flower of the plant but small amounts of it can be found in the leaves, stems and stalks. CBD is one of over 100 beneficial compounds (also known as cannabinoids) found in the cannabis plant. When the cannabis plant has a low amount (less than 0.3%) of THC, the psychoactive compound mostly associated with the marijuana plant, it is defined as Hemp. When the THC levels are over 0.3%, the cannabis plant is defined as Marijuana.

CBD was discovered in 1992 in the marijuana plant and was later patented by the US government in 2001. Since 2012 when marijuana was legalized in Colorado, growers started to grow high CBD/low THC strains of the cannabis plant under the protection of the new Colorado laws. The Federal Farm Bill of 2014 legalized the cultivation, processing and marketing of hemp and products made from hemp. The Farm Bill of 2018 provided greater clarity that hemp and CBD is legal under all aspects of federal law.

The Farm Bill of 2018 validated the rapidly growing CBD wellness revolution and allowed the launch of multiple brands in the health and wellness, fitness, beauty, and pet care categories.

There are many other cannabinoids present in the hemp plant, which may have a similar effect on the human body as CBD. Some of these compounds are CBC, CBDV, CBG and CBN, even THC is a cannabinoid. These compounds are known to work best as a team, producing what is known as the “entourage effect.”


How does CBD work

The human body and the body of dogs, cats and many other animals all produce cannabinoids. When produced inside the body, they are referred to as endo-cannabinoids. Cannabinoids interact with your body through the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS is a collection of receptors, categorized as either CB1 or CB2 receptors, which are scattered throughout the body (see diagram).

These endocannabinoids are used to regulate a variety of body sensitivities, including inflammation, stress, sleep, and others. The primary purpose of the endocannabinoid system is to maintain balance or homeostasis, which is the key to avoiding many health issues.

Sometimes the body does not produce enough of its own cannabinoids to maintain homeostasis. By working through the ECS, taking CBD and the whole range of cannabinoids from natural sources, can have a positive impact on health and wellness. Each person has a unique ECS profile and will be affected differently by cannabinoids depending on several factors, see our dosage guide for more information.

CBD is used by people who would like to improve:



Sleep Patterns

Everyday Stress Levels

General Wellness


Ways to Take Our CBD

High Falls Hemp offers three ways to take CBD each day: tinctures, softgels and lotions. The below chart explains the differences. Results vary based on the individual.

Tincture Under the tongue It’s fast! When taken under the tongue, CBD enters the bloodstream more quickly — and in a higher concentration.
Softgel Orally with water or juice It’s easy! When ingested, the effect may take longer because it has to go through the digestive system.
Lotion Apply topically where needed Use it where you need it! When applied topically, CBD may help to alleviate pain, soreness, inflammation.


CBD and THC are found in the hemp and marijuana plants. CBD and the related cannabinoids (such as CBC, CBG, CBN, CBDV, etc.) produce a variety of wellness benefits, and are used by people and pets who want to improve stress, pain, anxiety, inflammation, fitness, and sleep.

THC on the other hand, is mostly associated as the compound which produces a “high” or euphoric effect and is the well-known compound found in marijuana.

Hemp plants are high in CBD and other beneficial cannabinoids, and low in THC (0.3% or less). This amount of THC is the legal limit for Hemp under the Farm Bills of 2014 and 2018.

CBD and THC – the full-spectrum of wellness
A small amount of THC (less than 0.3%) is is believed to enhance the effect of CBD. This is not enough THC to produce a high.

Full-Spectrum CBD:
This type of product features CBD, THC, and other beneficial cannabinoids interacting with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) to support wellness. These compounds work together to produce what is known as the “Entourage Effect”.

CBD Isolate:
We also produce products that include only the CBD compound and remove THC. This is for people who cannot take any amount of THC for professional or medical reasons. An example of some professionals who cannot take any amount of THC are pilots, air traffic controllers, active military or law enforcement, health care professionals and commercial drivers licensees (CDL).

Broad Spectrum CBD:
This refers to products that contain CBD and other beneficial cannabinoids (such as CBC, CBG, CBN, etc.) but without THC. High Falls Hemp will be creating some Broad Spectrum products in 2020.

How to Read Our Labels

At High Falls Hemp, we offer hemp-derived products in varying concentrations of CBD. Because everyone responds to CBD in their own way, dosing CBD isn’t one size fits all. So, we include suggested usage on our labels, as well as a simple dropper guide, to help you find the right dosage for you. We also invite you to scan the QR code to access the detailed lab report on your specific batch number.

Here is the label of our 750mg Full-Spectrum Hemp Extract CBD Tincture:

How to Read Our Lab Reports

Whether you’re new to CBD or an experienced user, you’ve probably read how important it is to use CBD only from a supplier who provides independent third-party lab reports of their products.

These reports detail the active cannabinoid content in the products. Full spectrum products will show the presence of multiple cannabinoids, in addition to CBD. The report should also show that the THC level is below 0.3%, conforming to the legal definition of Hemp. It is important that each hemp/CBD product have a batch or lot number on the label and that there is a separate lab report for each batch.

High Falls Hemp NY products are made with full-spectrum phytocannabinoids, which means that they contain all of the beneficial cannabinoids present in the hemp plant. The lab report details the amount of each cannabinoid present in the product (e.g. CBD, CBN, CBG) with the heaviest concentration being CBD.

Below is the lab report from one of our 3000mg tincture oils. As you can see, we’ve added several callouts to define where to find the relevant information on a lab report. Note that these percentages are by weight per serving (e.g. one dropper of oil or one soft gel).



In this lab report, there are several important results to note:

Total Cannabinoids per 1mL serving

Serving size 1mL = 1 dropper full

Total THC per serving: .0023 divided by 0.986 = .00233 or .23%

Total CBD = 110.84mg per 1mL serving

Note: The presence of the CBD along with the other cannabinoids, CBN, CBG, CBC, THC, etc. confirms this is a full spectrum product.

At High Falls Hemp, we take the commitment to make lab reports available very seriously. We not only test for cannabinoid content but we also have full-panel tests performed to show our products do not contain any harmful chemicals.

We pride ourselves on attention to detail when it comes to the quality contents of our product. If you have any questions or would like to see a copy of the lab report for the specific lot number you purchased, refer to our Independent Lab Reports page or email us at support@highfallshemp.com.