CBD is short for cannabidiol, a naturally occurring substance found in the hemp and marijuana plants. It is most prevalent in the flower of the plant but small amounts of it can be found in the leaves, stems and stalks. CBD is one of over 100 beneficial compounds (also known as cannabinoids) found in the cannabis plant. When the cannabis plant has a low amount (less than 0.3%) of THC, the psychoactive compound mostly associated with the marijuana plant, it is defined as Hemp. When the THC levels are over 0.3%, the cannabis plant is defined as Marijuana.
CBD was discovered in 1992 in the marijuana plant and was later patented by the US government in 2001. Since 2012 when marijuana was legalized in Colorado, growers started to grow high CBD/low THC strains of the cannabis plant under the protection of the new Colorado laws. The Federal Farm Bill of 2014 legalized the cultivation, processing and marketing of hemp and products made from hemp. The Farm Bill of 2018 provided greater clarity that hemp and CBD is legal under all aspects of federal law.
The Farm Bill of 2018 validated the rapidly growing CBD wellness revolution and allowed the launch of multiple brands in the health and wellness, fitness, beauty, and pet care categories.
There are many other cannabinoids present in the hemp plant, which may have a similar effect on the human body as CBD. Some of these compounds are CBC, CBDV, CBG and CBN, even THC is a cannabinoid. These compounds are known to work best as a team, producing what is known as the “entourage effect.”